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POW Camps in Texas

Italian POW Rosters in US POWs in the US POW Death Index in US WWII
UT POW CD POW Photos in US POW and ISU Camps and Hospitals in US Genealogical Research
ISU Units and Installations in US Cemeteries NARA POW Archives Publications
POW Links Researcher WWII Links POW Research

This list of Prisoner of War Camps, Italian Service Unit Camps, and Prisoner of War Hospitals is still being developed with new locations added as we work through the weekly reports located on NARA microfilm #66-538 (population lists June 1942-June 1946).

The POW Camps in Texas during World War II included:

•Beaumont (William) General Hospital, Bliss, El Paso County, TX
Bliss (Fort William W. S.), El Paso County, TX (base camp)
Bowie (Camp), Brown County, TX (base camp)
•Brady (Camp), Brady, McCulloch County, TX (base camp)
•Brooke (Roger) General Hospital, Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, Bexar County, TX
•Corpus Christi Naval Air Station, Corpus Christie, Nueces County, TX (base camp)
Crockett (Fort David), Galveston, Galveston County, TX (base camp)
•Dodd Field, San Antonio, Bexar Count TX (base camp)
•Fannin (Camp James W.), Tyler, Smith County, TX (base camp)
•Fort (William J.) Worth, US Public Health Service Hospital, Tarrant and Denton Counties, TX
•Harmon (Daniel W.) General Hospital, Longview, Gregg and Harrison Counties, TX
Hearne (Camp), Hearne, Robertson County, TX (base camp)
Hereford (Camp), Hereford, Deaf Smith County, TX (base camp)
•Hood (Camp John B.), Killeen, Bell County, TX (base camp)
Houston (Fort Sam), near San Antonio, Bexar County, TX (base camp)
•Howze (Camp Robert L.), near Gainesville, Cooke County, TX (base camp)
Hulen (Camp John A.), Palacios, Matagorda County, TX (base camp)
•Huntsville (Camp), Huntsville, Walker County, TX (base camp)
•Kenedy POW Camp, Kenedy, Karnes County, TX (base camp)
•Maxey (Camp Samuel B.), Paris, Lamar County, TX (base camp)
•Mexia (Camp), Mexia, Limestone County, TX (base camp)
•Russell (Fort DA), near Marfa, Presidio County, TX (base camp)
•Swift (Camp), Bastrop County, TX (base camp)
•Wolters (Camp), near Mineral Wells, Palo Pinto County, TX (base camp)

Enemy alien internment camps:
•Bliss (Fort William W. S.), El Paso County, TX (held German, Italian, and Japanese civilians from June 15 1942 to July 15 1942)
Crystal City, Zavala County, TX (German and Japanese)
•Houston (Fort Sam), near San Antonio, Bexar County, TX (German, Italian, and Japanese)
•Kenedy Alien Internment Camp, Karnes County, TX (German, Italian, and Japanese)
•San Antonio, Bexar County, TX (Italian)
•Seagoville, Dallas County, TX (formerly a federal prison for women) (German, Italian, and Japanese)

Cemeteries:
•Camp Bowie (Prisoner of War Cemetery), TX (transferred to Fort Sam Houston Nat'l Cem.)
•Camp Brady, TX (transferred to Fort Sam Houston Nat'l Cem.)
•Camp Fannin, TX (5 German burials transferred to Alexandria National Cemetery in LA in February 1946)
•Camp Hearne, TX (transferred to Fort Sam Houston Nat'l Cem.)
•Camp Hood (Prisoner of War Cemetery), TX (transferred to Fort Sam Houston Nat'l Cem.)
•Camp Howze, TX (transferred to Fort Reno, OK)
•Camp Huntsville, TX (transferred to Fort Sam Houston Nat'l Cem.)
•Camp McLean, TX (transferred to Fort Reno, OK)
•Camp Maxey (Prisoner of War Cemetery), TX (transferred to Fort Sam Houston Nat'l Cem.)
•Camp Mexia, TX (transferred to Fort Sam Houston Nat'l Cem.)
•Camp Swift (Prisoner of War Cemetery), TX (transferred to Fort Sam Houston Nat'l Cem.)
•Camp Wolters, TX (transferred to Fort Sam Houston Nat'l Cem.)
•Dodd Field, TX (9 Italian burials transferred to Ft. Sam Houston before February 1947)
Fort Bliss National Cemetery, Ft. Bliss, TX (The Fort Bliss National Cemetery contains POWs who died in TX and AZ, and NM.)
Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery, Ft. Sam Houston, TX (The Sam Houston National Cemetery contains POWs who died in TX and OK, AR, and LA.)
•Hereford POW Chapel, Hereford, TX (5 Italian burials transferred to Fort Reno, OK in 1947.)

There were 20 base camps, 30 branch camps, 5 hospitals, 6 internment locations, and 16 cemeteries in TX. More details in my latest book titled Prisoner of War Camps Across America. It is available in Kindle format on Amazon and in .epub and .mobi formats at the GenTracer Shopping Cart.

For more information about these camps, please see:

www.denkmalprojekt.org
Fort Bliss Cemetery
Fort Sam Houston Cemetery
www.globalsecurity.org
www.kriegsgefangen.de
www.volksbund.de
www.weltkriegsopfer.de


GenTracer POW Kathy Kirkpatrick

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© Kathy Kirkpatrick 2003-2013