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POW Camps in California

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This list of Prisoner of War Camps, Italian Service Unit Camps, and Prisoner of War Hospitals is based on weekly reports located on NARA microfilm #66-538 (population lists June 1942-June 1946). Additional locations based on newspapers, interviews, and other NARA records (at College Park and Regional Archives).

The POW Camps in California during World War II included:

Angel Island, Tiburon, Marin County, CA (base camp) (see San Francisco Port of Embarkation, CA)
Beale (Camp Edward F.), Yuba County, CA (base camp)
Benicia Arsenal, Pittsburg, Contra Costa County, CA (base camp)
Birmingham (Henry P.) General Hospital, Van Nuys, Los Angeles County, CA (base camp)
Byron Hot Springs, Contra Costa County, CA (restricted listing, interrogation center)
California-Arizona Manuever Area (CAMA), Los Angeles, San Bernardino, Imperial and Riverside Counties, CA; Yuma, La Paz, Maricopa, and Mohave Counties AZ; and Clark County, NV
Cooke (Camp Phillip), Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA (base camp)
Coronado Amphibious Training Base, San Diego, San Diego County, CA (base camp)
DeWitt (Calvin) General Hospital, Auburn, Placer County, CA (base camp)
Dibble (John) General Hospital, Menlo Park, San Mateo County, CA
•Figueroa, CA (see Ross, CA)
•Flint (Camp), Auburn, Placer County, California (see DeWitt, CA)
Haan (Camp William G.), Riverside, Riverside County, CA (base camp)
Hammond (William A.) General Hospital, Modesto, Stanislaus County, CA
Irwin (Camp George), San Bernardino County, CA (base camp)
Knight (Camp John Thornton), Oakland, Alameda County, CA (see San Francisco Port of Embarkation, CA)
Letterman (Jonathan) General Hospital, San Francisco city and county, CA (base camp)
Los Angeles Port of Embarkation, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA (base camp)
•McArthur (Fort Arthur), San Pedro, Los Angeles County, CA (base camp)
McDowell (Fort), Marin County, CA (base camp)
Mira Loma Quartermaster Supply Depot, Riverside County, CA (base camp)
•Mitchell Convalescent Hospital, Campo, San Diego County, CA (base camp)
•Needles Station Hospital, Needles, San Bernardino County, CA
•Ono (Camp), San Bernardino County, CA (see Mira Loma Quartermaster Supply Depot)
•Ord (Fort), Monterey County, CA (base camp)
Pomona Ordnance Depot, Pomona, Los Angeles County, CA (base camp)
•Presidio of San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA (base camp)
•Reynolds (Camp), Marin County, CA (see Fort McDowell)
Roberts (Camp), San Miguel, Monterey County, CA (base camp)
Ross (Camp), San Pedro, Los Angeles County, CA (base camp) (see Figueroa, CA)
•San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA (base camp)
•San Francisco Port of Embarkation, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA (see Angel Island, Knight, Fort McDowell, Stoneman, CA)
•San Luis Obispo (Camp), San Luis Obispo County, CA (base camp)
•Shoemaker Naval Distribution Center, Livermore, Alameda County, CA (base camp)
•Sierra Ordinance Depot, Herlong, Lassen County, CA
•Spadra General Hospital at Spadra, Los Angeles County, CA (see CAMA)
•Stockton (Camp) Ordnance Depot, Stockton, San Joaquin County, CA (base camp)
•Stoneman (Camp), Pittsburg, Contra Costa County, CA (base camp) (see San Francisco Port of Embarkation, CA)
Torney General Hospital, Palm Springs, Riverside County, CA (base camp)
Tracy Quartermaster Sub-Depot, Tracy, San Joaquin County, CA (base camp)
•Treasure Island Naval Training and Distribution Center, San Francisco city and county, CA (base camp)
•Yermo Holding and Reconsignment Point, San Bernardino County, CA (base camp)

Enemy alien internment camps:
Angel Island, Tiburon, Marin County, CA (temporary detention station) (German, Italian, and Japanese)
•Cow Creek, Inyo County, CA (Japanese)
•Griffith Park, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA (German, Italian, and Japanese)
•La Tuna Canyon (Tujunga), Sun Valley, Los Angeles County, CA (temporary dentention station) (Italian and Japanese)
•Manzanar, Inyo County, CA (Japanese)
•Marysville, Yuba County, CA (assembly center) (Japanese)
•Pinedale, Fresno County, CA (assembly center) (Japanese)
•Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA (assembly center) (Japanese) (see Camp Kohler)
•San Francisco INS Detention Facility, CA (Italian)
•San Pedro, Los Angeles County, CA (temporary detention station) (Japanese)
•Santa Anita (Camp), Arcadia, Los Angeles County, California (assembly center) (held Japanese civilians from April 1942 to October 1943)
•Sharp Park, San Mateo County, CA (Italian and Japanese)
•Tanforan, San Mateo County, CA (assembly center) (Japanese)
Tule Lake, Siskiyou County, CA (Japanese)

Cemeteries:
•Benicia Arsenal Post Cemetery, Benicia, CA, now under the care of the National Park Service.
•Prisoner of War Burial Plot, Camp Beale, CA (transferred to Golden Gate Nat'l Cem. in CA)
•Prisoner of War Cemetery, Camp Cooke, CA (transferred to Golden Gate Nat'l Cemetery, CA on 26th of November 1947)
Golden Gate National Cemetery, San Bruno, San Mateo County, CA (The Golden Gate National Cemetery contains POWs who died in CA and ID.)
•Presidio of Monterey Post Cemetery, Presidio of Monterey, Monterey County, CA, still an active military installation.

There were 42 base camps, 66 branch camps, 8 hospitals, 13 ISU, 15 internment locations, and 5 cemeteries in CA. More details in my latest book titled Prisoner of War Camps Across America. It is available in Kindle format on Amazon and in .epub and .mobi formats at the GenTracer Shopping Cart.

For more information about these camps, please see:

www.militarymuseum.org
www.globalsecurity.org
www.volksbund.de
www.kriegsgefangen.de
www.denkmalprojekt.org
www.weltkriegsopfer.de


GenTracer POW Kathy Kirkpatrick

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